Categories
MCSA MCSE Servers Windows

Install or Enable Hyper-v Virtualization on Windows 10

Virtualization is successful method for creating lab and testing tool in recent years. Hyper-v enables Windows administrator to create virtual machine (VM). Virtual machines run in their own isolated environment. VMs are self-contained units that can easily be moved from one physical computer to another physical computer.

At the time of creating virtual machine, the hardware is abstracted and multiple virtualized hardware environments are created. On the virtual environment you can run a complete copy of operating system (OS) separately. As a result of enabling Hyper-v and sufficient hardware configurations you can run many operating systems on physical computer. Finally, you can manage virtual machines as standalone computers.

You create network card which works as a physical connection. The computers which use the same network cards are placed in the same network. You have complete authority on a virtual machine (VM). You can delete, stop and turn on, off and restart a virtual machine.

VMs have their own storage. When you create a virtual machine, virtual hard drive (VHD) is created for each machine. You can add many of them for each machine. Your physical hard drive is virtually divided to many other hard drives. The same as your physical hard disk you may have many hard drives with the same functionality. It is called virtual hard drive (VHD) which is saved by .vhd extension. Logically your VHDs seems like physical drive but all files stored on each VHD, in fact stored on one physical hard drive.

One of the useful tools in Hyper-v is Checkpoint. While you want you easily create a checkpoint. It is the screenshot of your machine state. When you want, you can run the checkpoint and you are taken to the state you had created the checkpoint. It is a good tool and makes your life easy. In addition your time won’t be wasted especially when you are testing some thing.

The term host computer is used for the computer that hosting the Hyperr-v. Let’s go and enable Hyper-v on Windows 10.

Hardware Requirements

To enable Hyper-v, these requirements are necessary, but not all hardware requirements that the host computer should have. There are many  more requirements that I don’t mention here.

  •  64-bit processor
  •  CPU support for VM Monitor Mode Extension (VT-c on Intel CPU’s)
  •  Minimum of 4GB RAM. Virtual machines share their memory with the host computer. You need to provide enough memory to handle the workload.

The following items must be enabled on system BIOS

  • Virtualization technology
  • Hardware Enforced Data Execution Prevention

Operating system requirements

All editions of Windows 10 can’t support Hyper-v. Therefore, appropriate edition of operating system needs to be installed on host computer. Here is the list of Windows editions that can or can’t support the Hyper-v.

Windows 10 editions which can support Hyper-v:

  • Windows 10 Enterprise
  • Windows 10 Professional
  • Windows 10 Education

Windows 10 editions which can’t support Hyper-v:

  • Windows 10 Home
  • Windows 10 Mobile
  • Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise

Enable Hyper-v on Windows 10

It is really easy to enable Hyper-v on Windows 10. Also make sure that you have logged in with an account with administrative privileges. Otherwise you won’t be able to do upcoming tasks.

1. Open Control Panel. You can open Control Panel in many ways. Search for Control Panel in search box in Start menu. While found, click on to open it. If you like, keep pressing the Start menu button then press the R button: start+R. When run is opened type control and click on the OK button.

Windows Run
Windows Run

2. Scroll down and find Programs and Features. Click on Programs and features. Here is the place you can uninstall the applications and features you don’t want. Of course, if you want to add a feature you are at the right place.

Programs and Features
Programs and Features

3. In the left pane you see Turn Windows features on or off option. Click on that and Windows Features page will be opened for you.

Turn Windows features on or off
Turn Windows features on or off

4. You see the Hyper-v with a vacant box next to it. Put a check mark in the box and click on Ok button to turn on the feature on host computer.

Hyper-v
Hyper-v

5. Be patient for a while. Windows searches for some files needed due to enable the Hyper-v on Windows. Finally Windows wants you to restart your computer. Click on Restart now button due to reboot your machine.

Restart now
Restart now

Enable Hyper-v through PowerShell

1. Search for the PowerShell in Start menu. While found, right-click on the PowerShell and run it as an administrator because you need PowerShell with administrative privileges for turning on the feature.

Run PowerShell as administrator
Run PowerShell as administrator

2. Hyper-v is an optional feature. First of all enable the feature typing this command in PowerShell window: Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-v -All

So, press the Enter button to run the command.

Enable Hyper-v feature
Enable Hyper-v feature

3. Finally you need to reboot your computer. If you like you can type Y which the contracted form of Yes, as shown below. If you want to restart your computer in other way you can do so.

Restart computer
Restart computer

Open Hyper-V

1. Log in to your computer. In the Start menu search for Hyper-v typing the word Hyper-v. Because of the easy access pin the Hyper-v in Start by right-clicking on it. Then select the Pin to start option. After that while you press the Start menu button you can see the Hyper-v there.

2. At the end you can see the Hyper-v manager. No virtual machine is created. In the left pane below the Hyper-v manager you see Client03 which is the host computer’s name. When you create VMs, they will be listed below my computer’s name.

Hyper-v Manager window
Hyper-v Manager window

Conclusion

Consequently we are done. Finally Hyper-v enabled on the computer. Also you can create virtual machines on Hyper-v.

Check out: Install Windows Server 2016 on Hyper-v step by step

Categories
MCSA MCSE Servers

Install & Configure WDS in Windows Server 2016

Windows Deployment Services(WDS) is the key of deploying automated-based installations of standard or custom images to servers in a network. WDS server store the installation files and help you to manage the boot and operating system files used in the network installations. Like capturing image firstly, then deploying them on client computers with all drivers and applications you need for your network. Update operating system, drivers and applications then take an image of the template computer. The computer you take capture image from is called template computer. Sysprep is the tool that you can image through from a template computer and store the image on WDS server to deploy on WDS clients.

WDS makes your life easy. You don’t need to move from one room to another room deploying operating system with needed softwares and drivers. Administrators can make schedule for deployment. Next day when you come and login to your computer, you see the new operating system installed. In addition, drivers and softwares have been installed.

These are some other methods of deploying operating system on client computers:

  • DVD: You can go to computers one by one with a shiny disk in hand and install operating system on. For an enterprise network you need lots of disks and it takes a long time. This method can be implemented on
  • Bootable Flash memory: You can install operating system using bootable flash memory. When the flash memory is bootable, you copy all operating system files in, and plug the flash to computers. For the process you need lots of flash memories.

Topics covered in this post:

  • WDS Advantages
  • WDS Images
  • Hardware Requirements
  • Prerequisites
  • Install WDS role Graphically
  • Installation WDS role through PowerShell
  • WDS Basic Configuration
  • Add Install Image
  • Add Boot Image
  • Conclusion

WDS Advantages:

  • Install Windows 7, 8, 8.1 or 10 remotely.
  • You can install Windows with needed softwares and drivers simultaneously.
  • Install Windows on large number of computers at one time.

WDS Images

WDS uses four image: Install image, Boot image, Discover image and Capture image. The minimum of requirement is boot and install images.

  • Install Image: It is the actual operating system. It is found in the  operating system media\sources\install.wim.
  • Boot Image: It is Windows PE image. You can find it the operating system media\sources\boot.wim.
  • Discover Image: This image is used by WDS clients which don’t support PXE boot. You create the image using boot.wim image from media file and Windows Assessment Tool Kit (ADK) to create a discover image.
  • Capture Image: This image is custom install image. You capture the image from a template computer using Sysprep, and deploy the image on client computes.

Hardware Requirements

  • RAM: minimum of 2GB
  • Processor: 64-bit processor
  • Hard Drive Space: At least 6GB

Prerequisites

Install Graphically

Undoubtedly the easiest way of installing a role is graphical interface.

1. First of all press the Start Menu button. Then select the Server Manager.

 

Start Menu
Start Menu

2. Click on Add roles and features for installing WDS role.

Server Manager
Server Manager

2. Skip the Before you begin page. Leave the Select a server from the server pool checked. From Server Pool select the server which you want to install the role on. Click on Next button.

Select Destination Server
Select Destination Server

3. In the Select server roles page, select Windows Deployment Services. A windows pops up and asks you to add some features for management. Click on Add Features button then click on Next button.

WDS Role
WDS Role

4. You have got nothing to do in Features page. In the WDS page, some essential information is written. In Role Services page you got two options:

  • Deployment Server: It is the deployment server with management tools.
  • Transport Server: It is WDS core service, but doesn’t include management tools. You need to use scripts for every task that you want to do. Therefor you need to select both of them.

Click on Next button.

Select Role Services
Select Role Services

5. In the Confirm installation selections page, click on Install button. No reboot is needed after the installation.

Confirm Installation Selections
Confirm Installation Selections

Installation through PowerShell

PowerShell is a powerful tool in Windows Server 2016. You need to know how to use it.

1. Press Windows button and select Windows PowerShell. Make sure you run PowerShell as an administrator. Right-click on and click Run as administrator.  Also you can run PowerShell as an administrator with command. Open PowerShell as standard user and type this command to run it as an administrator: Start-Processs PowerShell.exe -Verb RunAS. Then press the Enter button.

Server Manager
Server Manager

2. Install-WindowsFeature is a command for installing roles on server. You need to run this command: Install-WindowsFeature -Name WDS -ComputerName <Server_Name> -IncludeManagementTools

After -ComputerName parameter, type your server’s name. In my case it is SVR-A. Then press the Enter button. While WDS installed successfully on your server, the summary would be shown to you. Saying that role installed successfully and no reboot is needed.

The -IncludeMnagementTools parameter installs the management tools. If you don’t type the parameter you won’t have the management tools. It means you just have installed the core services.

Install WDS Role
Install WDS Role

WDS Basic Configuration

Finally role was installed. We need to configure WDS server and use it across the network.

1. In Server Manger console, in the menu bar, click on the Tools. Then click on Windows Deployment Service. In addition, you can open it through Run. In the Run just type wdsmgmt.msc and press Enter button.

Windows Deployment Services
Windows Deployment Services

2. Windows Deployment Services console is opened. But the WDS server is not configured yet. For the purpose, right-click WDS server below the Servers. Select Configure Server.

Configure WDS
Configure WDS

3. In Install Options page two options are visible. Select the Integrated with Active Directory option if your WDS server is a member of a domain. If it is standalone server, select the Standalone server option. Click on Next button.

Integrated With Active Directory
Integrated With Active Directory

4. Select the folder in which you want to store WDS server files, like images and drivers. Click on Browse button and specify the path. Click on Next button.

Remote Installation Folder Location
Remote Installation Folder Location

5. In the Proxy DHCP Server page, leave both Do not listen on DHCP and IPv6 ports and Configure DHCP options for Proxy DHCP options selected. Click on Next button.

Proxy DHCP Server
Proxy DHCP Server

6. In PXE Server Initial Settings page, select Respond to known-client computers. This option is secure. Click on Next button.

PXE Server
PXE Server

7. Finally we are done. Below the green line we got a message which says that this serve still can’t respond WDS clients. Finish the wizard.

Task Progress
Task Progress

8. At the very end we can start the WDS server. WDS server is just configured not started. Right-click on WDS server which in my case is SVR-A, hover your mouse point on All Tasks, then click on Start. Soon after the WDS server would be started.

Start WDS Server
Start WDS Server

Add Install Image

1. Before you add install image, create some groups for different operating system install images. Before you add an install image, you need to an image group. You can easily manage your image in groups. Right-click on Install image. Click on Add Image group. A small windows opens, type name of the group inside and click on Ok button.

Add Install Image Group
Add Install Image Group

2. Now which groups are created, right-click on the group which you want to add install image in. Select Add Install Image option.

Add Install Image
Add Install Image

3. Specify the path. The path is simple: Whatever is your file media letter:\sources\install.wim. In my case path is E:\sources\install.wim. Click on Next button.

Image File Location
Image File Location

4. In the Available page of the wizard, select the install images that you need for your network. I need Windows 10 Pro for my network. While done, click on Next button.

Available Images
Available Images

5. It takes a while, when WDS server copies install.wim image from media file. At the end click on Finish button to close the wizard.

Finish Install Image Wizard
Finish Install Image Wizard

Windows 10 Pro Install image was added to WDS server.

Install Image
Install Image 

Add Boot Image

1. Right-click on Boot Images and click on Add Boot Image.

Add Boot Image
Add Boot Image

2. Specify path of the file which contains the image. Install and boot images located in the same folder with Install image. Boot image path: media file:\sources\boot.wim. In my case path is E:\sources\install.wim.

Boot Image Folder Location
Boot Image Folder Location

3. Name the image. Select a friendly name for the image you can recognize. Click on Next button.

Image Metadata
Image Metadata

4. Image was added to the server. Finish the wizard by clicking on Finish button.

Finish Boot Image Wizard
Finish Boot Image Wizard

Microsoft Windows Setup (x64) Boot Image was added to WDS server.

Boot Image
Boot Image

 Conclusion

Finally we are done with WDS basic configurations. For any kind of question feel free end leave a comment below the post. Thank you for reading the post.

Categories
MCSA MCSE Servers

Install & Configure Print Services in Windows Server 2016

Printing and file sharing are the essential sectors for users, groups, organizations in a network. Like in a network, there are a large number of printers with different varieties and there are an enormous number of groups, users who need to use. As an administrator, you should know how to install and configure print services in Windows Server to manage tens or hundreds of printers in a network. As most of the modern printers have a network interface card and Internet Protocol (IP) address can be assigned to the printers. Therefore, all users through the network can access and use them. One of the most handful features in print services is print pooling by which a number of printers are added to a pool. When one is performing a print job, other printers perform the next print jobs sent to them. As you can grant priority access to a printer from 1 through 99. When there are two print jobs in the print server, the user with higher priority will get the job done before the another. In this lesson, we will learn + understand how to install and configure print services fully in Windows Server 2016. Let’s get started.

Understanding Windows Print Architecture

Microsoft uses some terms referring to components of print services architecture, better to know for the certification exams or working with them. The Components involved with the print services are the following:

1. Print Device: printer device is actual hardware that produces hard-copy documents on paper.

2. Printer: It is the software interface through which a computer communicates with the print device.

3. Print Server: It is a server or a standalone computer which receives print jobs from clients that are attached locally or connected to the network.

4. Driver: It is a device driver that converts print jobs generated by an application to appropriate string of commands for a specific printer.

Attaching Printer Device

These are four fundamental configurations, you can configure a printer to work. As a result, the printer works depending on your configurations to print documents.

1. Direct Printing is the simplest way of using a printer device. That a printer is attached directly to a Server. The Server sends a print job to the printer, as a result, it produces the hard-copy document.

2. Local-attached printer sharing: Except direct printing, you also need to share printer and printer device with other clients on the same network. In this arrangement, the Server which is directly attached to the printer device works as a print server. Doing this, you can share the print server’s printer. Consequently, the clients can use the print device through server’s print interface. As a result, the advantage of this arrangement is that everyone from everywhere in the network has access to the printer device. Also, it is handful when you have light printing jobs.

3. Network-attached printing: Unlike the previous kinds of attaching the printer device with computer by USB or other port, here you don’t need to attach them. Instead, you can attach a printer device directly to a network. As a result of attaching printer device to a network, it becomes the network component. Most of the printer devices nowadays have network interface card (NIC) which allow you to attach a network standard cable to it. Due to this capability, a print device can have their own IP addresses. Also, you can buy NIC card separately and attach to a printer device. If the printer device has none of this capabilities a standalone print server is possible to be used.

Finally, by network attached printing you’ve to choose a computer to act as print server or let all or everyone uses the printer directly (or be print server) by sending print jobs and seeing their own queue. If you’ve chosen to be the print server everyone or multiple users then there are many disadvantages, which includes:

  • Users examining the print queue see only their own jobs.
  • Users are oblivious of the other users accessing the print device. They have no way of
    knowing what other jobs have been sent to the print device or how long it will be until
    the print device completes their jobs.
  • Administrators have no way of centrally managing the print queue because each client
    has its own print queue.
  • Administrators cannot implement advanced printing features, such as printer pools
    or remote administration.
  • Error messages appear only on the computer that originated the job that the print
    device is currently processing.
  • All print job processing is performed by the client computer rather than being partially
    offloaded to an external print server.

4. Network-attached printer sharing: In this method, you assign a computer as a print server and use it to serve clients means when you install a printer on a computer(that becomes the print server), you will share it on the network and configure it to access the printer directly through TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) port. When done, you just share the printer for the clients and manage them for accessing + managing.

Install Print Services Role in Windows Server

First of all, we need to install Print and document services role on Windows server 2016. Consequently you can use Windows server print services.

Role Installation

1. Open Server Manger and click on Add roles and features to install Print and document services role.

Add roles and features
Add roles and features

2. In the Welcome we’ve got nothing to do at all. Click on Next button. In Select destination server page, elect the Select a server from the server pool. Select the server you want to install the role on from the list below. Click on Next button.

Select a server from server pool
Select a server from server pool

3. Put a check mark in the box next to Print and document services. A small windows pops up and wants you to add some features for print services management. Click on Add features to install management tools. If you don’t install the management features, you just install the core service.

Print and document services
Print and document services

4. In the Print and Document Services page, provided essential information about the services to be noted. Finally click on Next button.

Print and Document Services
Print and Document Services

5. In the Select role services page four options are visible:

 1. Print Server: It is the actual print server. Selecting this option you can manage print services components as printers and drivers and furthermore things.

2. Distributed Scan Server: allows you to send scanned images to specific users or     groups in the domain.

3. Internet Printing: It creates a web page and gives the access to printer clients using printers through IIS web server.

4. LPD Service: This option enables UNIX clients running line printer remote (LPR) to send print    jobs to Windows printers. I install only Print Server.

Select Role Services
Select Role Services

6. We’re almost done. Click on Install button for installing the role on server. No reboot is needed.

Confirm installation selections
Confirm installation selections

Configure Print Services in Windows Server

First of all we need to add some printers and drivers on the server and manage them.

Open Server Manager, click on Tools dropdown menu and select Print Management services. Using this tool we can add and manage print services easily.

Server Manager
Server Manager

While Print Management tool is opened. Expand Custom Filters on the left pane to see the custom filters. You see four default filters:

  1. All Printers: It shows the list of all printer connected to the domain from all print servers.
  2. All Drivers: You can see a complete list of all drivers available for your clients through all the domain.
  3. Printers Not Ready: It shows you list the servers which are not available to clients. They don’t work, fix them.
  4. Printers With Jobs: Shows the list of printers currently doing print jobs.

Below Custom Filters another option is visible by the name Print Servers. Expand it to see all the print server in your domain. You can add all print servers in the domain here for easy management. Just right-click on Print Servers and select Add Server and go on.

Print Management Window
Print Management Window

You can see the same options like drivers and printer below the SVR-A server as the below Custom Filters. So the difference between this and the Custom Filter is that which the printers shown below the filter is the list of all printers in the domain. The printers below the Print Servers is the list of printers installed on each print server.

Add Printer

1. Print Management tool opened, expand Print Servers and right-click on the server and select Add Printer option.

Add Printer
Add Printer

2. In the Welcome page we’ve nothing to do so just click on Next button. In the Printer Installation page select the Add a new printer using an existing port. Elect a port and hit Next button.

Add new printer using this port
Add new printer using this port

3. In the Printer Driver page select Use an existing printer driver on the computer option. From the drop-down list select a driver that matches your printer device manufacturer and model.

Use an existing printer driver
Use an existing printer driver

4. Now you need to type a name for the printer in the box shown in the picture below. Below the Printer Name you can also see another option: Share this printer. As a result you can choose a share name and location for the printer. If needed you can leave a comment for users guidance.

Printer Share Name and location
Printer Share Name and location

5. Finally we are done with adding printer on a server. Just click on Finish button to finish the wizard. While finished the wizard you can find the printer in All Printers option in the left pane. If you would like to print a test page selecting Print a test page at the bottom of the wizard also you can add another printer by selecting Add another printer.

Finish the wizard
Finish the wizard

Add Driver

Maybe you need different kinds of drivers for client computers to use be able to use print device. So you need to have 32-bit and 64-bit drivers.

1. First of all you need to right-click on Drivers option below the server which you want to add driver to. Select the Add driver option.

Add Driver
Add Driver

2. In the Welcome page we have nothing to do. In the Processor Selection page you need to specify which kind of processors do your clients use. You can one or both of the options and hit Next.

Processor selection
Processor selection

3. In the Printer Driver Selection page you need to specify two things. First of all you should specify your devices’s manufacturer. Secondly specify the printer model. In addition to these you have one more useful option. If you have driver on a disk, you can click on Have Disk button and find path of the source and add it.

Printer Driver Selection
Printer Driver Selection

4. We are done and the driver was added to the server. So click on Finish button due to finish the wizard.

Finish the Wizard
Finish the Wizard

Conclusion

Ok, that’s all. For any kind of question feel free and leave a comment below the post. I answer you as soon as possible.

Categories
Android Mobile

3 Ways to Install Android 7.0 Nougat on Your PC

The Android 7.0 Nougat is officially out and available (only for some phones like Nexus, Pixel…). Therefore, there are lots of users who haven’t tested it out and don’t want to wait for the update. Don’t worry, cuz there are different ways to install Android 7.0 Nougat on your computer which guides obviously to the goal. In this article, you’ll learn 3 ways to Install Android 7.0 Nougat on your PC which are mentioned below.

3 Ways to Install Android 7.0 Nougat on PC

#1. Install Android 7.0 Nougat on PC (SDK): 

This method includes software development kit (SDK) installation guide which is a set of development tools that are used for a certain package, software framework, hardware platform or other similar platforms. As I have installed and succeeded in installing it but I don’t prefer to install for users much, cuz its a bit difficult. That’s ok if you want to have a try and use it, I don’t mean that I prevent or conceal this method from doing it. Have a try and catch it if you could, enjoy it.

Here’s how to do it: Install Android Nougat on PC (SDK)

Android-Nougat
Android-Nougat-Running-on-PC

#2. Install Android 7.0 Nougat on VMware Workstation:

The second or the popular way to install Android 7.0 Nougat is to do it on VMware Workstation. As the VMware has gone too far which has a variety of vast services. That it is mostly used for testing or installing operating systems like; Windows, OS X, Linux and much more. This time again, I have installed and created the guide for the users to do it easily with the shots. So, wish you a great experience for installing and using it.

Here’s how to do it: Install Android 7.0 Nougat on VMware Workstation

Android Nougat Successfully Installed
Android 7.0 Nougat Running on VMware

#3. Install Android 7.0 Nougat on VirtualBox:

Right to the third way, as far as you know Virtualbox is a free open source virtualizer for x86 hardware that is absolutely perfect for installing an OS like VMware. Moreover, here by this method, you can install Android 7.0 Nougat like installing other OS. If you’ve ever used VirtualBox before, this time again you’re going to do this interesting job.

Here’s how to do it: Install Android 7.0 Nougat on VirtualBox Right Now

3 Ways to Install Android 7.0 Nougat on Your PC
Android-7-Nougat-Running-on-VirtualBox

Fine, there are the complete and successful ways to obviously get them wherever you want on any PC. Hope it would be helpful and informative, if you have any question or suggestion, any feedback is appreciated.

Categories
MCSA MCSE Servers

Upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Server 2016 Complete Guide

Do you want to move to a newer version of Windows Server? Yes, it’s time to upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Windows Server 2016. Because the Windows Server 2016 is out. There are many awesome features added in Windows server 2016. There is a list of improvements and new features which are ready to use that enhance handling managements.

Unlike upgrading Windows Servers prior versions to Server 2012, thus, upgrading Windows Server 2016 supports only 64-bit architecture and Itanium edition isn’t supported. Also, the Windows Server 2012 and 2016 have only four editions.

Upgrading Windows server is complicated process. Therefor Microsoft recommends Administrators to migrate the roles and settings to Server 2016 instead of upgrading, because the upgrading process many things can go wrong. No matter, in this article, we’ll upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Server 2016 fully step by step.

Upgrade and conversion options:

In order to upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Server 2016, you need to obtain the following requirements.

  • All editions of Windows Serer 2016 are 64-bit only (upgrades from 32-bit to 64-bit can’t be done).
  • Only Server 2012 can be upgraded to Server 2016 not earlier versions of Windows Server.
  • Upgrades from one version to another version isn’t supported. Like you can’t upgrade Windows Server 2012 Standard edition to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter edition.
  • Upgrades from one language to another language server isn’t supported. For example, you can’t upgrade Windows Server running on German language to Chinese.
  • Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported.
  • Upgrades from a previous Windows Server installation to an evaluation copy of Windows Server are not supported. Evaluation versions should be installed as a clean installation.
  • Deactivate virus protection because it makes the process slower. Because the virus protection  scanning every file copied on the disk.
  • If the server uses NIC Teaming, disable it and when the server upgraded, enable the NIC Teaming again.
  •  Backup the server fully before upgrading the server because maybe you face the problem and want to go back to the previous version. Check out: Backup Windows Server 2016 Step by Step
  • Check out if the server doesn’t have any problem, if it has, search for fixing it. Otherwise it might cause an error which can fail whole upgrade process.

Upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Windows Server 2016

Now that you’ve understood the rules, let’s get started and move on.

1. Log in to Windows Server 2012 and plug the media file (DVD, Flash memory, etc) to the server. Open the file explorer and double click on the DVD Drive to run the Windows Server 2016 setup.

This PC
This PC

2. Select Download & install updates to let the installation go on smoothly and mark, I want to help make installation of Windows better. Click on Next button.

Install Updates
Install Updates

3. Select an edition of Windows Server 2016 which meets your organization requirements. Also, in the future you may enlarge your network and need more roles and license support for your network computers. Click on Next button.

Windows Server 2016 editions
Windows Server 2016 editions

4. Read the notes and license terms. If you don’t like, clicking on Decline button, you can go back. If you agree, click on Accept button.

Accept the term
Accept the term

5. If you choose the edition same as the edition you used currently, you can keep your apps and files. As mentioned before if you don’t choose the right edition you can’t keep your apps and files. Select Keep personal files and apps if you’re using the same edition or select Nothing to erase everything. Then click on Next button.

Choose what to keep
Choose what to keep

Installing Windows Server 2016

6. The Windows Server automatically checks your system and finds if your server is compatable, so just click on Install button to start the installation.

Install Windows Server
Install Windows Server

Be patient because it takes almost long time since the Windows server installs on your system. Therefore, your system may restart several times until the installation completes.

Installation process
Installating

7. Specify country and keyboard for server. Don’t forget that you can’t change the language. Click on Next button to move to the next page.

Region, preferred language, keyboard
Region, preferred language, keyboard

8. Read the license terms carefully and click on Accept button.

Accept License terms
Accept License terms

9. The user name is Administrator by default, just type a complex password (a password composed of lowercase letters, uppercase letters, numbers and symbols) and reenter you password. Then click on Finish button. Using this user name and password you can log on to the server locally.

Password
Customize Settings

10. Unlock the page pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del buttons in order to unlock the page then sign in with the password you had entered before and press the Sign in button.

Press Ctrl+Alt+Del buttons
Press Ctrl+Alt+Del buttons

Welcome to Windows server 2016. Finally you upgraded Windows server 2012 to Windows server 2016. You can see the server Windows Server 2016 homepage + the latest improvements.

Upgrade Windows Server 2012 to Server 2016
Upgraded to Windows Server 2016

Conclusion

Finally, we upgraded Server 2012 to Windows Server 2016 and we can take deep breathes. For any kind of question feel free and leave a comment below. I’ll answer your questions as soon as possible. Hope you would like our articles and wait for the next.

If you like to know how to do the initial configuration of Windows Server 2016, please click on the link below and read the article on our website.

Check out: Initial configuration of Windows Server 2016

Categories
MCSA Servers

Create & Deploy Active Directory Snapshot in Windows Server 2016

A Snapshot is the exact copy of the original contents and configurations that is the easiest and cheapest way to create and deploy it on the additional domain controller. Like you can take a snapshot of Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) and you use the snapshot for occasional usages like deploying on an additional domain controller, not like often tasks like backup. In this article, I will take a snapshot of my root domain controller (DC), which is the first domain controller of my active directory. Then, I will deploy the snapshot on the additional (DC). Snapshot is used for adding additional DC in remote sites, not in Local Area Networks (LAN). When you create a snapshot from active directory and save the files to a DVD or flash memory, then deploy it on the remote site on the new domain controller then you’ll have the exact contents and configurations on the new DC. So here first we will create then deploy Active Directory snapshots in Windows Server 2016.

Remember: This is the second part of adding an additional domain controller to existing domain, if you haven’t read that article, you ought to read that first. Click on the link below for reading the previous part, then continue reading this article.

Watch out: How to Add Additional Domain Controller to Existing Domain

Create Active Directory Snapshot on Current DC

Before getting started, make sure both, the current DC and additional DC needs to be the member of the same domain and both of them should be active or approached by you. So that you can take a snapshot from current DC and deploy it on the new DC.

Take Snapshot through PowerShell

1. Right-click on PowerShell icon and choose Run as administrator option due to run the PowerShell with administrative privileges.

2. Launch PowerShell as administrator and create the IFM (Install From Media) media. This media is a snapshot of AD DS. Now Run the ntdsutil.exe cmdlet to run the program, therefore, type ntdsutil.exe and press Enter key.

Ntdsutil.exe cmdlet
Ntdsutil.exe cmdlet

3. Type activate instance ntds, because it focuses the program on the installed AD DS instance.

Activate instance ntds cmdlet
Activate instance NTDS cmdlet

4. Type ifm to create the IFM (Install From Image) media.

Ifm cmdlet
Ifm cmdlet

5. Now you should decide you want full snapshot or not, to create a full snapshot type: create sysvol full c:\snapshot. The C:\snapshot is the path where I save the files, the program creates a folder by the name snapshot in the C:\ drive. When snapshot process completed, close the PowerShell window.

create sysvol full
create sysvol full

Finally the snapshot is ready to be deployed on the next domain controller. So, we will move to the new server and continue our deploying there. I’ve copied the files in a flash memory due to making the deployment easy then paste the files on the new DC’s desktop to use later.

Deploy Active Directory Snapshot on Additional DC

Snapshot Deployment

It is the time to turn on the new machine and get it ready to be promoted to new domain controller.

1. Install Active Directory Domain Services from Server Manager. If you don’t know how to do that, please refer to this link:

See this: Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server

2. When the installation finished, click on Promote this server to a domain controller hyperlink.

Promote this server to a domiain controller hyperlink
Promote this server to a domain controller hyperlink

Or maybe you’ve closed the window and you don’t see the window containing hyperlink, don’t worry. Click on the flag on the top of the window, you can see the hyperlink.

Promote this server to domain controller hyperlink
Promote this server to domain controller hyperlink

3.  Select Add domain controller to existing domain option. This option means that we have a domain and we just want to add an additional domain controller in the domain. Be sure that you’ve logged on by a user name who have the right to do these tasks then hit Next.

Add domain controller to existing domain
Add domain controller to existing domain

5. All options are disabled yet. Click on Allow domain controller reinstall to permit the domain controller, to be reinstalled on the new machine. Then enter a DSRM password then hit Next.

Allow domain controller reinstall
Allow domain controller reinstall

6. Select Install from media option to be enabled to use your AD DS snapshot. Then click on three dotted button, find the media path that you’ve the snapshot inside. Verify the IFM media by clicking on Verify button then hit Next.

Install from media (IFM)
Install from media (IFM)

7. In the Paths and Review options pages we have nothing to do, so just click on Next button. In the Prerequisites Check page click on Install button to install the domain controller. When domain controller installed, the machine will be restarted or restart manually if the server didn’t restarted automatically.

Install Active Directory
Install Active Directory

Conclusion

Consequently the new machine is domain controller in your domain. So log in to new domain controller, you’ll see the same contents as the previous domain controller. Active Directory snapshot is an easy and quick way than WAN link. If you used WAN link like internet, replication between two servers took long time. For any sort of question feel free and leave a comment. We will respond you as soon as possible.

Categories
Mac OS OS

Install VMware Tools on MacOS Sierra 10.12 to Enhance VM Performance

Every virtual machine (VM) needs to install VMware Tools to go for the best as the new MacOS Sierra 10.12 or OS X El Capitan. When you’ve finished the installation, you’re ready to experience the best of it by installing the VMware tools. It is a suite of utilities that enhances the performance of the virtual machine’s guest operating system and improves management of the virtual machines. It is necessary utility for all the virtual machines running on VMware which includes many improvements and experiences such as time synchronization, graphics performance, efficient memory allocation, accelerated mouse driver, optimized SCSI driver, replicate with guest operating systems run scripts etc. Although a virtual machine can run without VMware tools but you can improve performance and abilities by installing it.

Check out this if you haven’t done yet:

How to Install MacOS Sierra 10.12 on VMware Step by Step?

How to Install Mac OS X El Capitan 10.11 on VMware?

Install VMware Tools on MacOS Sierra 10.12 to Enhance VM Performance

Now that you’ve known all about VMware Tools, let’s move towards installing it.

1# Run & Open VMware Tools

1. Once you have installed macOS Sierra or El Capitan on VMware, now power on the virtual machine and sign in. Navigate to VMware options> VM> Install VMware Tools, when the confirmation window pops up just hit Install.

Notice: You can install VMware Tools on any OS X using this method.

Select Install VMware Tools
Select Install VMware Tools

2. When the VMware tools window pops up, select Install VMware Tools.

VMware Tools
VMware Tools

#2 Install VMware Tools From Installation Wizard

1. On the installation wizard, hit Continue.

VMware Toos Installation wizard
VMware Toos Installation Wizard

2. Now hit Install to perform a standard installation of VMware Tools.

Installation Type
Installation Type

After continuing, the installation will take a moment to install, and here’s what you’ll see but you have to restart the virtual machine in order to complete the process.

Installation Completed - Summary
Installation Completed – Summary

Once the virtual machine restarted, you’ll have all the enhancements and user experiences also have fixed the screen resolution + speed like the shot below. Also, you can drag & drop from guest OS to VM or from VM to guest OS and use mouse better than before.

Install VMware Tools on macOS Sierra to Enhance Performance
VMware Tools Installed – macOS Sierra

Thus, you can use it like a pro and have everything or every apps you want to work with, you can do each and everything you want. So did you find it helpful? Share now with your friends and let them be aware, they might thank you later. If you have any question regarding this, feel free to ask.

Categories
iOS Mac OS

How to Use iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch with iOS 10 on VMware/Mac?

If you’re willing to use iPhone 7 or iPhone 7 Plus running iOS 10 without having it, then, make sure its possible and today we’re going to show it for you full and free. ُSince iPhone 7 with iPhone 7 plus and iOS 10 has released, we’re excited to see and test it somewhere and know that. And you might be confused how to use it without buying it also if you’ve searched somewhere you couldn’t find doing it that because it isn’t properly done anywhere. Sounds interesting yes? No worries, now you can use iPhone, iPad running iOS 10 or before on VMware or Mac by iOS simulator easily, exactly what are you thinking and not only you can use iPhone with iOS 10 but also you can test out the iPad you prefer and also use Apple TV there.

Use iPhone, iPad Running iOS 10 on VMware

Simulator is a great tool for rapid prototyping and development before testing your app on a device. Simulator also has features that can assist you in testing and debugging both iOS apps and web apps. By understanding the tools that Simulator offers, you can more efficiently develop your app.

Hey, want to start soon? Install a Mac on VMware first from the guides above. Once the macOS X installed, launch VMware and power on the virtual machine (Mac OS) and now go to App Store and search XCode 8 then download it.

xcode-app-store

After downloading XCode 8, launch it and go install it.

XCode - Installation
XCode – Installation

Once the XCode installed, now you’re ready to go and use iPhone, iPad with iOS Simulator, and to do this find out XCode app and right-click on it then select Show Package Contents.

Show Package Contents - XCode
Show Package Contents – XCode

Now open Contents>Developer> Applications and open Simulator, and you’ll see iPhone coming up. When the iPhone turned on, now you’re free to do anything you want, to adjust the screen with your screen choose>Window>Scale>Select the screen zoom that fits like the shot below.

Use iPhone, iPad Running iOS 10 on VMware/Mac
iPhone 7 – iOS Simulator

Or if you want to change iPhone, iPad version or test TV OS then navigate to Harware>Device>Choose Apple OS or iOS 10 then choose your preferred device.

Change Device - XCode 8
Change Device – XCode 8

Now comes to Apple Watch, to access this open Simulator (Watch) from the Applications window and you’ll see the Apple Watch running and you can have access to it.

Apple Watch Simulator
Apple Watch Simulator

All right, that’s enough. If you’ve any questions, suggestions regarding this ask now.

 

Categories
MCSA MCSE Servers

Add Additional Domain Controller to Existing Domain step by step

As you know, Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is installed on a server that is called Domain Controller (DC). You can add dozens of domain controllers to an active directory for load balancing, fault tolerance, etc purposes. All the domain controllers should contain the same contents like user accounts, computer accounts, etc for working as a group.

They need to replicate with each other. When you add a new domain controller to existing domain, they automatically replicate with each other. If the new DC and the previous DC are on the same site, they can replicate easily with each other. If the new DC is in a remote site, therefore automatic replication is not so practical. Because they are replicating through Wide Area Network (WAN) connection which costs much and takes a long time. That’s why I’ve written the article in two parts. Part 1 is for Local Area Network (LAN). Part 2 is for Wide Area Network(WAN).

In this article, we will learn how to add additional domain controller to existing domain in local area network(LAN). Let’s move on.

Check out: Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server

                        Promote Windows Server to Domain Controller

Topics covered in this article:

  • Role Installation
  • Promote this server to a domain controller
  • Root DC and New DC Replication
  • Conclusion

Add Additional Domain Controller to Existing Domain

First of all, we need to install Active Directory Domain Services on the new DC, then promote that as DC.

#1: Role Installation

1. First of all open Server Manager by clicking on Server Manager icon in Start Menu. When Server Manager opened, click on Add roles and features to open roles and features installation console.

Add roles and features
Add roles and features

2. Skip the Before you Begin page. Let the role-based or featured-based installation selected; click on Next button. In the Server Selection page, again click Next button.

Select installation type
Select installation type

3. Select Active Directory Domain Services role, a window pops up, click on Add Features button to add active directory management tools.

Active Directory role
Active Directory role

When installation process is completed, reboot the server, log in as an administrator and furthermore follow the following steps.

#2: Promote this server to a domain controller

1. When logged in as an administrator, click on Promote this server to a domain controller hyperlink to promote the server to domain controller.

Promote this server to domain controller
Promote this server to domain controller

2. Select the Add a domain controller to an existing domain option, below the specify the domain information for this operation, type your domain name. If you are logged as a standard user, you can change the credential below that. Click on Select button, a new window opens, select your domain name then hit on Ok then Next button.

Deployment Configuration
Deployment Configuration

3. In the Domain Controller Options page, leave unchecked the DNS server if you don’t want to install that on your DC. Let the Global Catalog checked. Type a password and confirm it then click Next button.

Domain Controller Optionsq
Domain Controller Options

4. In the Additional options page, Specify the server that you want replicate with and copy all information from that domain controller to new domain controller.You can take a snapshot from AD DS and apply the image on the new machine. The new machine will have the exact copy. You can read about the Install From Media (IFM) here:

Check out:  Create & Deploy Active Directory Snapshot in Windows Server 2016

Replication option
Replication option

5. In the Paths and Review options pages almost we have nothing to do, skip them by clicking on Next button. In the prerequisite page if any error you see, check that then click on Install button.

Install
Install

#3: Root DC and New DC Replication

We are almost done, just use the DCs to replicate between the root DC(DC01.tactig) and the new DC(DC02.tactig). While replicating between these two DCs, the Active Directory files will be copied from the DC01.tactig to DC02.tactig. then check out, you will see all files exactly the same to the root domain controller in the current domain controller.

6. In the Server Manager, click on Tools and select Active directory sites and services option.

Active directory sites and services
Active directory sites and services

7. In the left pane expand the Sites>Default-First-Site-Name> Servers, then the name of the current server that you are now working on, then click on NTDS Settings. In my case DC01 is root doamin controller and I am logged in currently in DC02 which is additional domain controller.

NTDS Settings
NTDS Settings

8. Right-click on automatically generated node, Click on Replicate now, an alert informs you that replication between root domain controller and new domain controller occurred.

Replicate now
Replicate now

9. Do the same thing for DC01 in the same server. Expand DC01 node and click on NTDS Settings. Right-click on automatically generated then click on Replicate now option. Both server replicate with each other and all the contents of DC01 will be copied in DC02.

Replicate now
Replicate now

Conclusion

Finally we’re done! After all, you’ve completed replication between two DCs successfully, but remember if the DCs are in different sites, then you can do it using our next article that will be the second part in addition of this.

For part 2 click on this link: Create & Deploy Active Directory Snapshot in Windows Server 2016